Q: I know that purchasing organic crib sheets, mattresses and baby clothes is better for the environmentbut do they make any difference in terms of the baby's health?
A: It's true that conventional baby clothing and beddingconventional referring to that made with cotton grown using synthetic pesticides and fertilizers and bleached and dyed with yet more harsh chemicalshasn't seemed to present a problem thus far for generations and generations of babies. But more awareness of chemical sensitivities has many environmentalists and public health advocates wondering if the clothes and bedding children are exposed to could be negatively impacting their health.
Some 25 percent of the world's pesticides and 10 percent of insecticides go to cotton crops every year. In addition, petroleum scouring agents, softeners, brighteners, heavy metals, flame and soil retardants, ammonia and formaldehyde are used in the processing of cotton once it is harvested. Beyond the environmental impacts of this onslaught in the vicinity of production facilities, there is increasing concern that residues of some of these chemicals might rub off on baby.
Johnson & Johnson, one of the world's leading purveyors of baby products, states on its Web site that "a baby's skin is thinner, more fragile and less oily than an adult's" and is "less resistant to bacteria and harmful substances in the environment." Lotus Organics, which makes organic clothing for both babies and adults, reports that "millions of children in the U.S. receive up to 35 percent of their estimated lifetime dose of some carcinogenic pesticides by age five through food, contaminated drinking water, household use, and pesticide drift."
So if organic cotton is so much better all around, why aren't we all swaddling our babies in it and wearing it ourselves? It's all about cost. Clothing and bedding made from organic cotton is typically more expensive than similar products made with conventional cotton. Consumers watching their spending are often unwilling to pay more for a T-shirt or pants that are just going to get spilled on and beaten up.
But boosters for organic cotton say that paying less for conventional cotton items is penny wise and pound foolish. Conventionally produced cotton material reportedly doesn't last as long as its organic counterpart because it has already been scoured, bleached, dyed and treated before it is cut for patterns.
Also, with more and more organic cotton products becoming available every day, from specialty shops to major retailers like Walmart and Target, the price premium for going organic is starting to shrink.
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