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Execution Index

Numbers include the execution of Robert Bacon, Jr. if carried out on Friday

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Total Executions*
United States (38 states): 713
The South (14 states): 577
North Carolina: 18
*since 1977, when the U.S. Supreme Court again allowed states to apply death sentences

N.C. Governors' Records
Mike Easley
Clemency granted: 0
Clemency denied: 2

Jim Hunt (1977-1985, 1993-2000)
Clemency granted: 2
Clemency denied: 14

Jim Martin (1985-1993)
Clemency granted: 1
Clemency denied: 2


Bacon's Crime
First-degree murder


Strongest Case for Clemency
Bacon was persuaded to commit the murder by the victim's wife, with whom he was having an affair. She was present, and was convicted of murder, too, but her jury gave her a life sentence. Since she is white, and Bacon is black, racial bias may explain the different outcomes.


Method of Execution
Lethal injection or thiopental sodium and procuonium bromide (Pavulon), which induces sleep and then stops all muscle action, including breathing.


Time of Execution
Friday, May 18, 2 a.m.


Final Meal
Prisoners can choose a final meal, served about eight hours prior to the execution.


Executioners
"Appropriately trained volunteers" work anonymously behind a curtain. Three inject syringes into IV tubes. Only one contains the lethal solution. The volunteers do not know which one.


Witnesses
Up to 16 people can serve as execution witnesses, including official witnesses chosen by the prosecutor and the sheriff of the region where the crime was committed, members of the victim's family, and representatives of the convicted felon and the media. At press time witnesses had not yet been announced.


Survivors
Bacon is survived by his mother and father, Elizabeth and Robert Bacon, Sr.; by brothers Elton Jackson, 53, and Melvin Jackson, 47; and by sisters Marilyn Wright, 43, Robin Price, 41, and Diane Conner, 37.


Cost to N.C. Taxpayers
About $3 million, based on figures from the Death Penalty Information Center in Washington and from a 1993 study of North Carolina cases by Duke University'ss Terry Sanford Institute for Public Policy, which estimated that murder cases ending in executions cost $2.1 million more than those resulting in sentences of life imprisonment.


Still on N.C. Death Row
Men: 212
Women: 6
African American: 120
Native American: 9
White: 85
Other: 4

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